Referencing and citing

What is referencing?

Introduction to referencing and citing your sources.

Why should I reference?

You must acknowledge any ideas or words from other authors that you have used in your own work. Including material from another writer as if it were your own will result in plagiarism and your academic integrity will be affected. To avoid plagiarism, all material, whether directly quoted, summarised or paraphrased, must be acknowledged correctly.

Understanding referencing can:

  • help you find additional information for your assignments
  • enable you to gain a wider knowledge of your assignment topic
  • give credibility to your interpretations
  • support your academic integrity.

How do you reference?

There are two parts to referencing:

  • Citations (in-text reference)  - all material sourced from another author, whether it is directly quoted or paraphrased, must be referenced in the text. The format of the citation depends on the referencing style used.
  • The reference list, a list of works cited or a bibliography - a complete reference must also appear in a reference list at the end of your work. A reference list, or list of works cited, is a list of all the sources that you refer to in your writing. A bibliography is different, it traces your reading by including all material that you have consulted in your research and that informs your thinking.

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