Referencing and citing


Guides to the Chicago University Press referencing styles.

Style guides

This referencing style, from Chicago University Press, is common in the humanities and social sciences. The most recent version is CMOS 17th edition.

Chicago style allows for two different systems of referencing. Ask your lecturer or supervisor to confirm which system you are supposed to use:

  • Chicago A notes and bibliography system uses footnotes or endnotes.
  • Chicago B author-date system, also known as Harvard style, uses in-text citations and a reference list.

Official style manual

Tools and tips for Chicago A notes and bibliography

Tools and tips for Chicago B author-date

Citing AI-generated content

Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) online Style Q&A contains advice about citing and referencing content created by generative artificial intelligence (GenAI) tools. If you can't find what you need, you can submit your own question through Style Q&A.

Here are some relevant questions already answered on Style Q&A: