Open access

This guide provides information about open access publishing and sharing research data.

Types of open access publications

  • gold

Refers to entirely open access peer-reviewed journals, freely available on the internet. Some publishers charge article processing charges (APCs) or fees (APFs). 

  • hybrid

Refers to Scholarly journal publishers who offer a combination of subscription access and open access. Researchers may be approached by a hybrid publisher to pay a fee for open and immediate access.  Sometimes referred to as Bronze when a publisher makes an item open for a short period of time for publicity and exposure.

  • green

​​​​​​​Refers to pre or post prints which scholarly journal publishers permit researchers to deposit or self-archive in institutional repositories such as Open Access Victoria University of Wellington | Te Herenga Waka; subject repositories such as the arXiv preprint archive in physics, mathematics, computer science; RePeC (Research Papers in Economics) and the Social Sciences Research Network (SSRN) which provide free unlimited online access to self-archived versions of publications. 

Books can be published as open access; see the Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB), and Knowledge Unlatched

Be aware of predatory publishers with unethical practices such as limited peer review and editing

Versions of articles in the publication process