Biomedical Sciences

Clinical trials and clinical research

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Books and reference material

Evidence Discovery and Assessment in Social Work Practice

Chapter 2; ‘Finding the Evidence for Practice in Social Work’ discusses different types of research sources, searching techniques and evaluation.

How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence-based Medicine (6th ed.)

Covers searching the literature and levels of evidence (chapter 2), types of evidence (chapter 3), evaluating evidence from clinical trials (chapter 6).

Concise Medical Dictionary (9th ed.)

Written by a team of medical experts, this market-leading illustrated dictionary contains 12,400 authoritative entries covering all aspects of medical science.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine (5th ed.)

Information on medical disorders and concepts. Each article includes in-depth discussion of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, procedures, and other related topics.

Websites for clinical trials


Videos from the Medical Research Council, Clinical Trials Unit (MRC CTU)

Referencing styles

Referencing and Citing library guide has lots of information about referencing styles, reference management software, reasons to reference, and how to get help with referencing. Before linking out to this general library guide take a look below for details of the two most popular referencing styles for medicine and clinical research.


APA (American Psychological Association) is an in-text referencing style commonly used across medicine, biology, and the social sciences.

NLM / Vancouver

NLM (US National Library of Medicine) style is a numbered referencing style mainly used in medicine. This is the same as Vancouver style, according to ICMJE Recommendations updated January 2024. ICMJE established the original Vancouver style.