Chicago and MLA referencing style tools and tips. Learn to reference your sources with confidence.

Tools and tips

Chicago and MLA are both common referencing styles used in the Italian programme. Ask your Course Coordinator which style you should use.

Quick tip

Quotation mark icon used for citation button in the Te Waharoa library searchTry the citation button in Te Waharoa Find your source in the library search. Select the quotation mark icon and then pick your preferred referencing style. Check the citation details are accurate, then simply copy the formatted reference.

Chicago referencing

Chicago (Chicago Manual of Style) is a common referencing style used in Italian Studies. The most recent version is CMOS 17th edition, published in 2017.

Chicago referencing style has two systems. Check with your Faculty, School or Course Coordinator about which system to use:

  • Chicago A notes and bibliography system uses footnote or endnotes
  • Chicago B author-date system uses in-text citations and a reference list (also known as Harvard style)

MLA referencing

MLA (Modern Language Association of America) is also a common referencing style used in Italian studies. The most recent version is MLA 8th edition, published in 2016.

More information?