Referencing and citing

Your introduction to referencing and citing.

Introduction to referencing styles

Referencing styles are sets of instructions explaining how you should reference the sources you use.

There are many different styles in use at Te Herenga Waka - Victoria University of Wellington but it is important to follow a single style. Your School will have a policy on which style to use, which you can confirm with your lecturer or by consulting your course outline.

Common styles used within the University are given below. Each style has an official “style manual” although many other helpful resources also exist.

APA (American Psychological Association)

This style is widely used across the University. The latest style is APA 7th edition. Key changes are outlined in this comparison chart.

Official guides:

Interactive guides:

Reference guides:

Chicago (University of Chicago Press)

This style is common in the humanities and social sciences. It allows for two different styles of referencing:

  • Chicago A uses footnotes for referencing
  • Chicago B uses ‘in-text’ references, also known as ‘Harvard’ or ’author-date’ references.

 Confirm which reference style you are supposed to use.

NZLSG (New Zealand Law Style Guide)

The NZLSG is the officially adopted referencing style of the Faculty of Law and must be used in all writing for the Faculty. It supersedes all other law style guides.

Reference management software recommendations for Law at Victoria University of Wellingotn.